Mobility Portal, Spain
Date: June 12, 2024
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By Mobility Portal
European Union

Provisional conclusion: The Commission finds that the value chains of Chinese BEVs benefit from unfair subsidies

If the discussions with the Chinese authorities do not lead to an effective solution, provisional countervailing duties will be introduced from 4 July. The Commission will apply individual duties to BYD, Geely and SAIC.
The Commission finds that the value chains of Chinese BEVs benefit from unfair subsidies

As part of its ongoing investigation, the European Commission has provisionally concluded that the battery electric vehicles (BEV) value chain in China benefits from unfair subsidisation, which is causing a threat of economic injury to EU BEV producers.

The investigation also examined the likely consequences and impact of measures on importers, users and consumers of these vehicles in the EU.

Consequently, the Commission has reached out to Chinese authorities to discuss these findings and explore possible ways to resolve the issues identified in a WTO-compatible manner.

In this context, the Commission has pre-disclosed the level of provisional countervailing duties it would impose on imports of BEVs from the Asian giant.

Should discussions with Chinese authorities not lead to an effective solution, these provisional countervailing duties would be introduced from 4 July by a guarantee (in the form to be decided by customs in each Member State).

They would be collected only if and when definitive duties are imposed.

The individual duties the Commission would apply to the three sampled Chinese producers would be:

  • BYD: 17,4 per cent
  • Geely: 20 per cent
  • SAIC: 38,1 per cent

Other foreign automakers, which cooperated in the investigation but have not been sampled, would be subject to the following weighted average duty: 21 per cent.

All other BEV producers which did not cooperate in the investigation would be subject to the following residual duty: 38,1 per cent.

Procedure and next steps

On 4 October 2023, the Commission formally initiated an ex-officio anti-subsidy investigation on imports of BEVs for passengers originating in China.

Any investigation shall be concluded within maximum 13 months of initiation.

Provisional countervailing duties may be published by the Commission within nine months after initiation (i.e. by 4 July at the latest).

Definitive measures are to be imposed within four months after imposition of the provisional duties.

Following a substantiated request, one BEV producer in China – Tesla – may receive an individually calculated duty rate at the definitive stage.

Any other company producing in the Asian giant not selected in the final sample that wishes to have its particular situation investigated can ask for an accelerated review, in line with the basic anti-subsidy Regulation, just after imposition of definitive measures (i.e. 13 months after initiation).

The deadline for concluding such a review is nine months.

Information about the intended levels of provisional duties is provided to all interested parties (including Union producers, importers and exporters and their representative associations, Chinese exporting producers and their representative associations, and the country of origin and/or expor), and to the EU Member States before any such measures are imposed, in line with the procedures set out by the EU basic anti-subsidy Regulation.

This information is also being made public on the Commission’s website.

Sampled companies have individually received information about their own calculations and have the possibility to comment on the accuracy thereof.

Should these eventual comments provide sufficient counter-balancing evidence, the Commission can revise its calculation in accordance with EU law.

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